Michigan Bird and Game Breeders Association
Newsletter Articles

Message From The Editor:
Photos and articles for the newsletter are always needed.
Please send to:
Angie Rezmer, (989) 415-6449
4715 N Portsmouth Rd. Saginaw, MI 48601

All photos will be returned if requested and stories can be edited if you wish.
Let's help our editor out.  Get involved in your club and send in an article for
the newsletter.  Many of our members could help others with their
experiences and our newsletter would benefit from your efforts.  Share your
knowledge with others

Below are a few articles I'm sure you will find interesting.
The articles are excerpted from our newsletters:

Fixing Angel Wing
by Shane Risner

One of the most frustrating things a breeder can have happen is for
one of their most prized animals to develop a problem. A problem
that seems to be common in waterfowl and seems to happen more
so in call ducks than any other kinds of ducks is angel wing. Angel
wing is when the wing either droops down or hangs out away from
the bird’s body. It usually occurs for three reasons: incubation
problems with temperature or humidity, too much protein in a duck’
s diet, or inbreeding. This is an awful looking thing for a bird as it
does not look normal but there are a couple of easy remedies to
help cure the problem but they need to be done as soon as the
angel wing is noticed.

The first remedy is to take the bird and wrap duct tape around its
body in a firm position so that the wing is held in the normal place.
The ligaments in the wing will strengthen and the angel wing should
disappear after a couple of weeks.

One other method that has been successful for other breeders
requires a little less tape. The breeder take the wing and tapes it in
a normal position by taping around the wing in the tucked position.
This should allow the ligament to strengthen and cure the angel

If a breeder figures out the problem is too much protein. One of the
above methods needs to be paired up with the reduction of protein.
The bird needs to go on a green diet with a reduced level of protein.
Alfalfa pellets are a good source of greens with low protein.

Putting our Best Foot Forward at Sales
by Sandy Councell

The way sellers and buyers treat or appear to treat animals/birds at
sales can leave a good or bad taste in an observer’s mouth. MBGBA
sales are open to the public. The public, however, has varying
opinions about raising and breeding animals and birds.

Frequently fair boards that oversee the fairgrounds rented, walk the
fairgrounds reviewing stock to ensure everything meets their
standards. Plus if we took the public and the fair boards out of the
picture, MBGBA has a code of ethics subscribed to in our
constitution that addresses the sale of stock.
Basic husbandry practices can avoid conflict with the public, fair
boards or MBGBA. It is important to note that often what a breeder
does may not be inhumane to a bird/animal, but may be seen as
inhumane by someone else.

For example:
• Carrying a bird by their legs or in a gunnysack may not hurt the
bird, but is offensive to some. Better to use a box or cage.
• Feed and water may not be essential for animals/birds health at
the sales. However, the MBGBA Seller Registration “recommends
sellers provide all birds and animals with feed and water containers
suitable in size for each box.”
• Soiled cages may not harm animals/birds, but the better stock
looks, the faster it will sell at the highest price. Bedding and
attention to the type of floor used in the cage can improve
• Crowding is the number one concern voiced. Give animals / birds
room to move which will allows buyers ample room to view your
• Remove sick or wounded birds /animals from sales area and from
the public’s view. Birds/animals may be wounded because of cage
design. Padded ceilings often protect birds from injure.
• Birds/animals may be purchased for human consumption or dog
training. Avoid talking in public about such plans.
• Birds/animals should never be killed for any reason at a sale.

If booth or stock conditions concern you, see an MBGBA director.
Two directors will review the issue. If they are unsatisfied with the
standards or conditions at a seller’s booth, they will speak directly
with the seller and attempt to remedy the situation.

It is a very rare case when an agreement cannot be reached. In this
case, the seller’s fee will be refunded, and seller asked to leave.

MBGBA Constitution outlines this code of ethics by stating
“members shall subscribe to ethical conduct:
• In breeding practices and care of owned animals.
• Honestly representing animals and birds presented for sale to sell
healthy disease-free stock.
• For obtaining and selling of game, rare, and domestic birds and
• In business affairs so to instill trust and satisfaction.”

MBGBA sales have a good reputation with the public, sellers, buyers
and fair boards. It’s up to each of us to maintain that reputation at
each and every sale in each and every booth.